Irving Kristol (1920-2009)

Senior Fellow Emeritus

Irving Kristol is widely considered to be the founder of American neoconservatism. He was the managing editor of Commentary magazine from 1947 to 1952 and the cofounder of the U.K.-based Encounter. After eight years as the executive vice president of Basic Books, Mr. Kristol became a professor of social thought at the New York University Graduate School of Business. In July 2002, President George W. Bush awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom.


  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1972-2009
  • Founder, Coeditor, and Senior Editorial Associate, The Public Interest, 1965-2009
  • Recipient, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 2002
  •  John M. Olin Distinguished Fellow, AEI, 1988-99
  • Founder and Publisher, The National Interest, 1985-2002
  • Member, President's Commission on White House Fellowships, 1980-88
  • Professor of Social Thought, New York University Graduate School of Business Administration, 1969-88
  • Member, National Council on the Humanities, 1972-77
  • Executive Vice President, Basic Books, 1961-69
  • Editor, The Reporter, 1959-60
  • Cofounder and Editor, Encounter, 1953-58
  • Managing Editor, Commentary, 1947-52
  • Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army (Europe during World War II)


B.A., history, City College of New York
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