Replacing the home mortgage interest deduction

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Article Highlights

  • The federal tax treatment of owner-occupied housing cries out for reform.

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  • Current tax policy offers unwarranted subsidies for the purchase of expensive homes by high-income taxpayers.

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  • Current tax policy does little to promote homeownership by those of more modest means.

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In this policy proposal - part of The Hamilton Project's 15 Ways to Rethink the Federal Budget - Alan Viard proposes to replace the mortgage interest deduction with a refundable credit as a way to reduce the artificial incentive for the construction of high-end homes by better targeting the tax breaks for housing. The article has been revised from the published version to remove the invalid $300 billion 10-year revenue gain estimated in the published version. The author thanks Sheila Crowley for detecting the flaw in the original revenue estimate. 

INTRODUCTION
The federal tax treatment of owner-occupied housing cries out for reform. Current tax policy offers unwarranted subsidies for the purchase of expensive homes by high-income taxpayers, but does little to promote homeownership by those of more modest means. To address these problems, I propose to replace the mortgage interest deduction with a refundable credit and to reduce the size of the mortgages eligible for the credit while providing transition relief. Although this proposal is not ideal in every respect, it offers an effective way to scale back and better target the tax system's housing tax breaks while raising revenue in a progressive manner. 

Viard: Replacing the Home Mortgage Interest Deduction

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About the Author

 

Alan D.
Viard

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